Psychotherapy: Facts on Types of Treatment

Psychotherapy: Facts on Types of Treatment
May 16 06:39 2018 Print This Article

Group Therapy

Group Therapy involves the treatment of multiple patients by one or more therapists. Using peer interactions and the power of group dynamics it attempts to develop social skills and increase an overall understanding of mental illness. Various types of group therapy include substance abuse, psychodynamic, parent support, social skills and multi-family, to name a view.

Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)

IPT is used to treat a variety of clinical conditions but is, in essence, a brief treatment specifically developed and tested for depression. The emotional state of an individual is examined from the point of view of how it’s been affected by interpersonal events. Any problematic relationships the patient may be experiencing are addressed by reframing difficulties in interpersonal terms.

Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive Behavior Therapy is generally used for the treatment of children, but in some cases adolescents too.  It aims to improve mood, anxiety and behaviour through examining patterns of thinking.  CBT specifically looks for distorted or confused elements in a patient’s thought patterns.

Therapists teach children about how their behaviour can be affected by emotions and feelings which are a direct result of their thoughts.  By learning to identify these damaging thought patterns, a child can then be guided towards more productive and positive behaviour.  Research has shown CBT to be effective in the treatment of various conditions including depression, anxiety and trauma. It is particularly effective in helping a patient develop coping mechanisms.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)

Mature adolescents who have chronic suicidal thoughts or engage in behaviours such as self-harm can often be prescribed Dialectical Behaviour Therapy.  It has also been found effective in the treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder.

Using a combination of individual and group sessions, DBT strives to help a patient examine how they deal with the intense negative emotions and conflict they are struggling with.

Psychodynamic Psychotherapy

Psychodynamic Psychotherapy is a form of therapy that puts emphasis on understanding issues that may influence or motivate behaviour and thoughts in a child. It is used as a method of identification for typical behaviour patterns, defences and responses relating to internal struggles or conflicts.

Family Therapy

Family therapy sessions encompass a variety of family-related situations and can include a child or adolescent along with parents, siblings, and even grandparents. As the name suggests, family therapy focuses on helping families operate in more constructive and positive ways.  It achieves this by exploring communication patterns and providing support and education.

Couples Therapy

Couples therapy is a branch of family therapy focused specifically on the communication and interactions of two or more adults in a relationship.  It can involve couples who have children or not but does not involve the child or children in the therapy.  Typically, couples therapy deals with marital problems.

Play Therapy

This form of therapy is almost exclusively used in the treatment of young children, however, it is also applied in cases of adults with growth and developmental difficulties. The treatment endeavours to assist a child’s ability to verbalize and identify feelings using elements such as toys, puppets, dolls, building blocks, games and drawings. Through observation, the psychotherapist identifies themes or patterns to understand the child’s problems.

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